EICR Electrical Installation Condition Reports in Essex, Kent and London

EICR Electrical Installation Condition Reporting Explained.

EICR . Over time, like most things, (with, I guess, the exception of wine and whiskey) all electrical installations, like the one you have in your home or business deteriorate with age.

It is obvious that this deterioration can lead to you, your family, or in the case of commercial buildings your customers and/or tenants, to be subject to dangers arising from this deterioration.

Electrical Installation Condition Reporting (shortened to EICR) replaced the older Periodic Inspection report (PIR), regardless of name these reports where and are still designed to asses the condition and saftey of the electrics that surround you daily.

With only a few changes the new Electrical Installation Condition Reporting (EICR) goes a little further, it tests that it is safe and in a satisfactory condition for continued use, and sets a date for the next inspection.

When done correctly an EICR will take the best part of a day to conduct correctly, and for a domestic premises or a smaller commercial you would expect at the very lease 100% of the fixed wiring to be tested.

The tests.

The Tests include all wiring, all connections, and fixed equipment.

Fixed equipment includes things like storage heaters, boilers and showers, the easiest way to understand what is part of the fixed system is: if it is permanently connected by any other way other than a standard three pin plug.


When do I need an EICR or Electrical Installation condition Report?

If you are moving in or moving out.

You should and have probably been requested to get an EICR for either your mortgage or for you insurance company. It is has the benefit, also, of highlighting to you if the home your moving in to presents any risks to your family.

If you are a Landlord, or intend to rent out a property

The Eicr or electrical installation condition report is a legal requirement in the UK.  Landlords are required to provide electrical installation certificates to show new equipment is safe.

Aside from their Common Law duty of care, the Landlord & Tenant Act 1985 requires that not only is the electrical equipment safe at the beginning of every tenancy but that it is also maintained in a safe condition throughout the tenancy. Landlords should make sure regular periodic inspections have been undertaken to make sure the safety of tenants is not compromised.

Places open to the public

All commercial premises from tiny newsagents to huge factories, from guest houses to the biggest hotels, schools hospitals, ant premises open, or worked in by a member of the public.

The Law requires EICRs to be in place to prove the saftey of the electrical equipment, additionally these need to be inspected on a regular basis as laid out in law (these timing are at the base of this page)


An EICR report will mainly Confirm and Highlight

  • Be able to record a fixed snap shot in the condition of your electrical system against which future tests can pic up the smallest deterioration.
  • Highlight if your current circuits are operating within there safe load capacities, and are not being overloaded
  • test the continuity of the wire concealed with in the walls, the saftey and stability of the surrounding insulation to ensure against short circuit and fire risk
  • test the operation of saftey measures by simulating fault conditions, to ensure your safety measures work as they should, and with in the times laid down by the current regulations
  • Test the earthing, both of the internal system and of the supplier side.

(A full list of the test can be found at the base of this page ans described in the 17th revision 3 of the current legal regulations.)

How often should I get and EICR?

The “regulations” give specific times for many different situations but the most common are below (with a full list in the reference area at the base of the page)

Your electrics should be inspected and tested every:

  • 10 years for an owner-occupied home.
  • 5 years for a rented home.
  • 3 years for a caravan
  • 1 year for a swimming pool.

Other times when a periodic inspection should be carried out are:

  • When a property is being prepared for letting.
  • Before selling a property or buying a previously-occupied property.

Who can carry out an EICR?

The Current regulations state that your tester must be “electrically competent to carry out an EICR” and although that sounds rather vague the industry has qualifications that are dedicated to providing a framework under which qualified electricians can prove there knowledge and ability to complete such tests and reports to the extremely high levels required.

Only use Qualified electricians for Eicr reportd who hold qualifications in Testing and inspection to at least level 3 (EICR), and are able to provide proof of this.

Don’t worry you wont offend a suitably qualified safe and certificated electrician by asking to see their qualification certificates, trust me, we are quite proud of them and more than willing to show them off!

Ultimately only a qualified electrician will have the knowledge and experience to recognise and decipher the test results and will check the condition of the electrics against the UK standard for the safety of electrical installations, BS 7671 – Requirements for Electrical Installations (IET Wiring Regulations)., thus identifying anything dangerous or potentially dangerous should it exist.


Reference area and more information:

Full range of tests to be completed to meet the EICR conditions

DISTRIBUTOR’S / SUPPLY INTAKE EQUIPMENT

    • Condition of service cable
    • Condition of service head
    • Condition of distributor’s earthing arrangement
    • Condition of meter tails – Distributor/Consumer
    • Condition of metering equipment
    • Condition of isolator (where present)PRESENCE OF ADEQUATE ARRANGEMENTS FOR OTHER SOURCES SUCH AS MICROGENERATORS (551.6; 551.7)EARTHING / BONDING ARRANGEMENTS (411.3; Chap 54)
    • Presence and condition of distributor’s earthing arrangement (542.1.2.1; 542.1.2.2)
    • Presence and condition of earth electrode connection where applicable (542.1.2.3)
    • Provision of earthing/bonding labels at all appropriate locations (514.13.1)
    • Confirmation of earthing conductor size (542.3; 543.1.1)
    • Accessibility and condition of earthing conductor at MET (543.3.2)
    • Confirmation of main protective bonding conductor sizes (544.1)
    • Condition and accessibility of main protective bonding conductor connections (543.3.2; 544.1.2)
    • Accessibility and condition of other protective bonding connections (543.3.2)CONSUMER UNIT(S) / DISTRIBUTION BOARD(S)
    • Adequacy of working space/accessibility to consumer unit/distribution board (132.12; 513.1)
    • Security of fixing (134.1.1)
    • Condition of enclosure(s) in terms of IP rating etc (416.2)
    • Condition of enclosure(s) in terms of fire rating etc (421.1.201; 526.5)
    • Enclosure not damaged/deteriorated so as to impair safety (621.2(iii))
    • Presence of main linked switch (as required by 537.1.4)
    • Operation of main switch (functional check) (612.13.2)
    • Manual operation of circuit-breakers and RCDs to prove disconnection (612.13.2)
    • Correct identification of circuit details and protective devices (514.8.1; 514.9.1)
    • Presence of RCD quarterly test notice at or near consumer unit/distribution board (514.12.2)
    • Presence of non-standard (mixed) cable colour warning notice at or near consumer unit/distribution board (514.14)
    • Presence of alternative supply warning notice at or near consumer unit/distribution board (514.15)
    • Presence of other required labelling (please specify) (Section 514)
    • Examination of protective device(s) and base(s); correct type and rating (no signs of unacceptable thermal damage, arcing or overheating) (421.1.3)
    • Single-pole switching or protective devices in line conductor only (132.14.1; 530.3.2)
    • Protection against mechanical damage where cables enter consumer unit/distribution board (522.8.1; 522.8.11) 4
    • Protection against electromagnetic effects where cables enter consumer unit/distribution board/enclosures (521.5.1)
    • RCD(s) provided for fault protection – includes RCBOs (411.4.9; 411.5.2; 531.2)
    • RCD(s) provided for additional protection – includes RCBOs (411.3.3; 415.1)
    • Confirmation of indication that SPD is functional (534.2.8)
    • Confirmation that ALL conductor connections, including connections to busbars, are correctly located in terminals and are tight and secure (526.1)
    • Adequate arrangements where a generating set operates as a switched alternative to the public supply (551.6)
    • Adequate arrangements where a generating set operates in parallel with the public supply (551.7)

FINAL CIRCUITS

  • Identification of conductors (514.3.1)
  • Cables correctly supported throughout their run (522.8.5)
  • Condition of insulation of live parts (416.1)
  • Non-sheathed cables protected by enclosure in conduit, ducting or trunking (521.10.1)  To include the integrity of conduit and trunking systems (metallic and plastic)
  • Adequacy of cables for current-carrying capacity with regard for the type and nature of installation (Section 523)
  • Coordination between conductors and overload protective devices (433.1; 533.2.1)
  • Adequacy of protective devices: type and rated current for fault protection (411.3)
  • Presence and adequacy of circuit protective conductors (411.3.1.1; 543.1)
  • Wiring system(s) appropriate for the type and nature of the installation and external influences (Section 522)
  • Concealed cables installed in prescribed zones (see Section D. Extent and limitations) (522.6.202)
  • Cables concealed under floors, above ceilings or in walls/partitions, adequately protected against damage (see Section D. Extent and limitations) (522.6.204; )
  • Provision of additional protection by RCD not exceeding 30 mA:  for all socket-outlets of rating 20 A or less, unless an exception is permitted (411.3.3)
  • for supply to mobile equipment not exceeding 32 A rating for use outdoors (411.3.3)
  • for cables concealed in walls at a depth of less than 50 mm (522.6.202; 522.6.203)
  • for cables concealed in walls / partitions containing metal parts regardless of depth ( 522.6.203)
  • Provision of fire barriers, sealing arrangements and protection against thermal effects (Section 527)
  • Band II cables segregated / separated from Band I cables (528.1)
  • Cables segregated / separated from communications cabling (528.2)
  • Cables segregated / separated from non-electrical services (528.3)
  • Termination of cables at enclosures –
  • indicate extent of sampling in Section D of the report (Section 526) 
  • Connections soundly made and under no undue strain (526.6) 
  • No basic insulation of a conductor visible outside enclosure (526.8) 
  • Connections of live conductors adequately enclosed (526.5) 
  • Adequately connected at point of entry to enclosure (glands, bushes etc.) (522.8.5)
  • Condition of accessories including socket-outlets, switches and joint boxes (621.2 (iii))
  • Suitability of accessories for external influences (512.2)
  • Adequacy of working space/accessibility to equipment (132.12; 513.1)
  • Single-pole switching or protective devices in line conductors only (132.14.1, 530.3.2)LOCATION(S) CONTAINING A BATH OR SHOWER
  • Additional protection for all low voltage (LV) circuits by RCD not exceeding 30 mA (701.411.3.3)
  • Where used as a protective measure, requirements for SELV or PELV met (701.414.4.5)
  • Shaver sockets comply with BS EN 61558-2-5 formerly BS 3535 (701.512.3)
  • Presence of supplementary bonding conductors, unless not required by BS 7671:2008 (701.415.2)
  • Low voltage (e.g. 230 volt) socket-outlets sited at least 3 m from zone 1 (701.512.3)
  • Suitability of equipment for external influences for installed location in terms of IP rating (701.512.2)
  • Suitability of accessories and controlgear etc. for a particular zone (701.512.3)
  • Suitability of current-using equipment for particular position within the location (701.55)OTHER PART 7 SPECIAL INSTALLATIONS OR LOCATIONS 7.1
  • List all other special installations or locations present, if any. (Record separately the results of particular inspections applied.)EICR CONDITION REPORT GUIDANCE FOR RECIPIENTS (to be appended to the Report)This EICR Report is an important and valuable document which should be retained for future reference.
  1. The purpose of this Condition Report is to confirm, so far as reasonably practicable, whether or not the electrical installation is in a satisfactory condition for continued service (see Section E). The Report should identify any damage, deterioration, defects and/or conditions which may give rise to danger (see Section K).
  2. The person ordering the EICR Report should have received the “original” Report and the inspector should have retained a duplicate.
  3. The “original” Report should be retained in a safe place and be made available to any person inspecting or undertaking work on the electrical installation in the future. If the property is vacated, this Report will provide the new owner/occupier with details of the condition of the electrical installation at the time the Report was issued.
  4. Where the installation incorporates a residual current device (RCD) there should be a notice at or near the device stating that it should be tested quarterly. For safety reasons it is important that this instruction is followed.
  5. Section D (Extent and Limitations) should identify fully the extent of the installation covered by this Report and any limitations on the inspection and testing. The inspector should have agreed these aspects with the person ordering the Report and with other interested parties(licensing authority, insurance company, mortgage provider and the like) before the inspection was carried out.
  6. Some operational limitations such as inability to gain access to parts of the installation or an item of equipment may have been encountered during the inspection. The inspector should have noted these in Section D.
  7. For items classified in Section K as C1 (“Danger present”), the safety of those using the installation is at risk, and it is recommended that a skilled person competent in electrical installation work undertakes the necessary remedial work immediately.
  8. For items classified in Section K as C2 (“Potentially dangerous”), the safety of those using the installation may be at risk and it is recommended that a skilled person competent in electrical installation work undertakes the necessary remedial work as a matter of urgency.
  9. Where it has been stated in Section K that an observation requires further investigation (code FI) the inspection has revealed an apparent deficiency which may result in a code C1 or C2, and could not, due to the extent or limitations of the inspection, be fully identified. Such observations should be investigated without delay. A further examination of the installation will be necessary, to determine the nature and extent of the apparent deficiency (see Section F).
  10. For safety reasons, the electrical installation should be re-inspected at appropriate intervals by a skilled person or persons, competent in such work . The recommended date by which the next inspection is due is stated in Section F of the Report under ‘Recommendations’ and on a label at or near to the consumer unit/distribution board.

EXAMPLES OF ITEMS REQUIRING INSPECTION FOR AN ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION CONDITION REPORT

A visual inspection should firstly be made of the external condition of all electrical equipment which is not concealed.

Further detailed inspection, including partial dismantling of equipment as required, should be carried out as agreed with the person ordering the work. (621.2)

These examples are not exhaustive. Numbers in brackets are Regulation references.

ELECTRICAL INTAKE EQUIPMENT

  • Service cable
  • Service head
  • Distributor’s earthing arrangements
  • Meter tails – Distributor/Consumer
  • Metering equipment
  • Isolator Where inadequacies in distributor’s equipment are encountered, it is recommended that the person ordering the report informs the appropriate authority.PRESENCE OF ADEQUATE ARRANGEMENTS FOR PARALLEL OR SWITCHED ALTERNATIVE SOURCES
  • Adequate arrangements where a generating set operates as a switched alternative to the public supply (551.6)
  • Adequate arrangements where a generating set operates in parallel with the public supply (551.7) AUTOMATIC DISCONNECTION OF SUPPLY
  • Main earthing/bonding arrangements (411.3; Chap 54)1. Presence of distributor’s earthing arrangement (542.1.2.1; 542.1.2.2), or presence of installation earth electrode arrangement (542.1.2.3)
    2. Adequacy of earthing conductor size (542.3; 543.1.1)
    3. Adequacy of earthing conductor connections (542.3.2)
    4. Accessibility of earthing conductor connections (543.3.2)
    5. Adequacy of main protective bonding conductor sizes (544.1)
    6. Adequacy and location of main protective bonding conductor connections (543.3.2; 544.1.2)
    7. Accessibility of all protective bonding connections (543.3.2)
    8. Provision of earthing/bonding labels at all appropriate locations (514.13)
  • FELV – requirements satisfied (411.7; 411.7.1)OTHER METHODS OF PROTECTION (Where any of the methods listed below are employed details should be provided on separate sheets)
  • Non-conducting location (418.1)
  • Earth-free local equipotential bonding (418.2)
  • Electrical separation (Section 413; 418.3)
  • Double insulation (Section 412)
  • Reinforced insulation (Section 412)DISTRIBUTION EQUIPMENT
  • Adequacy of working space/accessibility to equipment (132.12; 513.1)
  • Security of fixing (134.1.1)
  • Condition of insulation of live parts (416.1)
  • Adequacy/security of barriers (416.2)
  • Condition of enclosure(s) in terms of IP rating etc (416.2)
  • Condition of enclosure(s) in terms of fire rating etc (421.1.6; 421.1.201; 526.5)
  • Enclosure not damaged/deteriorated so as to impair safety (621.2(iii))
  • Presence and effectiveness of obstacles (417.2)
  • Presence of main switch(es), linked where required (537.1.2; 537.1.4)
  • Operation of main switch(es) (functional check) (612.13.2)
  • Manual operation of circuit-breakers and RCDs to prove disconnection (612.13..2)
  • Confirmation that integral test button/switch causes RCD(s) to trip when operated (functional check) (612.13.1)
  • RCD(s) provided for fault protection – includes RCBOs (411.4.9; 411.5.2; 531.2)
  • RCD(s) provided for additional protection, where required – includes RCBOs (411.3.3; 415.1)
  • Presence of RCD quarterly test notice at or near equipment, where required (514.12.2)
  • Presence of diagrams, charts or schedules at or near equipment, where required (514.9.1)
  • Presence of non-standard (mixed) cable colour warning notice at or near equipment, where required (514.14)
  • Presence of alternative supply warning notice at or near equipment, where required (514.15)
  • Presence of next inspection recommendation label (514.12.1)
  • Presence of other required labelling (please specify) (Section 514)
  • Examination of protective device(s) and base(s); correct type and rating (no signs of unacceptable thermal damage, arcing or overheating) (411.3.2; 411.4, .5, .6; Sections 432, 433)
  • Single-pole switching or protective devices in line conductors only (132.14.1; 530.3.2)
  • Protection against mechanical damage where cables enter equipment (522.8.1; 522.8.11)
  • Protection against electromagnetic effects where cables enter ferromagnetic enclosures (521.5.1)DISTRIBUTION CIRCUITS
  • Identification of conductors (514.3.1)
  • Cables correctly supported throughout their run (522.8.5)
  • Condition of insulation of live parts (416.1)
  • Non-sheathed cables protected by enclosure in conduit, ducting or trunking (521.10.1)
  • Suitability of containment systems for continued use (including flexible conduit) (Section 522)
  • Cables correctly terminated in enclosures (Section 526)
  • Confirmation that ALL conductor connections, including connections to busbars, are correctly located in terminals and are tight and secure (526.1)
  • Examination of cables for signs of unacceptable thermal or mechanical damage/deterioration (421.1; 522.6)
  • Adequacy of cables for current-carrying capacity with regard for the type and nature of installation (Section 523)
  • Adequacy of protective devices: type and rated current for fault protection (411.3)
  • Presence and adequacy of circuit protective conductors (411.3.1.1; 543.1)
  • Coordination between conductors and overload protective devices (433.1; 533.2.1)
  • Cable installation methods/practices with regard to the type and nature of installation and external influences(Section 522)
  • Where exposed to direct sunlight, cable of a suitable type (522.11.1)
  • Cables concealed under floors, above ceilings, in walls/partitions less than 50 mm from a surface, and in partitions containing metal parts1. installed in prescribed zones (see Section D. Extent and limitations) (522.6.202) or
    2. incorporating earthed armour or sheath, or run within earthed wiring system, or otherwise protected against mechanical damage by nails, screws and the like (see Section D. Extent and limitations) (522.6.204; )
  • Provision of fire barriers, sealing arrangements and protection against thermal effects (Section 527)
  • Band II cables segregated/separated from Band I cables (528.1)
  • Cables segregated/separated from non-electrical services (528.3)
  • Condition of circuit accessories (621.2(iii)) • Suitability of circuit accessories for external influences (512.2)
  • Single-pole switching or protective devices in line conductors only (132.14.1; 530.3.2)
  • Adequacy of connections, including cpc’s, within accessories and to fixed and stationary equipment – identify/record numbers and locations of items inspected (Section 526)
  • Presence, operation and correct location of appropriate devices for isolation and switching (537.2)
  • General condition of wiring systems (621.2(ii))
  • Temperature rating of cable insulation (522.1.1; Table 52.1)FINAL CIRCUITS
  • Identification of conductors (514.3.1)
  • Cables correctly supported throughout their run (522.8.5)
  • Condition of insulation of live parts (416.1)
  • Non-sheathed cables protected by enclosure in conduit, ducting or trunking (521.10.1)
  • Suitability of containment systems for continued use (including flexible conduit) (Section 522)
  • Adequacy of cables for current-carrying capacity with regard for the type and nature of installation (Section 523)
  • Adequacy of protective devices: type and rated current for fault protection (411.3)
  • Presence and adequacy of circuit protective conductors (411.3.1.1; 543.1)
  • Co-ordination between conductors and overload protective devices (433.1; 533.2.1)
  • Wiring system(s) appropriate for the type and nature of the installation and external influences (Section 522)
  • Cables concealed under floors, above ceilings, in walls/partitions, adequately protected against damage (522.6.204)1 installed in prescribed zones (see Section D. Extent and limitations) (522.6.202)
    2 incorporating earthed armour or sheath, or run within earthed wiring system, or otherwise protected against mechanical damage by nails, screws and the like (see Section D. Extent and limitations) (522.6.201; 522.6.203) or • Provision of additional protection by 30 mA RCD1 *for circuits used to supply mobile equipment not exceeding 32 A rating for use outdoors (411.3.3)
    2 *for all socket-outlets of rating 20 A or less unless exempt (411.3.3)
    3 *for cables concealed in walls at a depth of less than 50 mm (522.6.202, .203)
    4 *for cables concealed in walls/partitions containing metal parts regardless of depth (522.6.203)
  • Provision of fire barriers, sealing arrangements and protection against thermal effects (Section 527)
  • Band II cables segregated/separated from Band I cables (528.1)
  • Cables segregated/separated from non-electrical services (528.3)
  • Termination of cables at enclosures – identify/record numbers and locations of items inspected (Section 526)
    1 Connections under no undue strain (526.6)
    2 No basic insulation of a conductor visible outside enclosure (526.8)
    3 Connections of live conductors adequately enclosed (526.5)
    4 Adequately connected at point of entry to enclosure (glands, bushes etc.) (522.8.5) •
  • Condition of accessories including socket-outlets, switches and joint boxes (621.2 (iii))
  • Suitability of accessories for external influences (512.2)
  • Single-pole switching or protective devices in line conductors only (132.14.1, 530.3.2) *Note: Older installations designed prior to BS 7671:2008 may not have been provided with RCDs for additional protection

How often do I need a EICR?

Type of Installation Routine check Maximum period between
inspections and testing
as necessary
General installation
Domestic accommodation –
general
Domestic accmomdation –
rented houses and flats

change of occupancy/10 years
change of occupancy/5 years
Commercial 1 year change of occupancy/5 years
Educational establishments 6 months 5 years
Hospitals and medical clinics –
general areas
Hospitals and medical clinics –
medical locations
1 year

6 months

5 years

1 year

Industrial 1 year 3 years
Residential accommodation (Houses of
Multiple Occupation) – halls of residence,
nurses accommodation, etc.
1 year Change of occupancy/5 years
Offices 1 year 5 years
Shops 1 year 5 years
Laboratories 1 year 5 years
Buildings open to the public
Cinemas 1 year 1-3 years
Church installations 1 year 5 years
Leisure complexes
(excluding swimming pools)
1 year 3 years
Places of public entertainment 1 year 3 years
Restaurants and hotels 1 year 5 years
Theatres 1 year 3 years
Public houses 1 year 5 years
Village halls/Community centres 1 year 5 years
Special and specific installations
(for medical locations see above)
Agricultural and horticultural 1 year 3 years
Swimming pools 4 months 1 year
Caravans
Caravan parks
1 year
6 months
3 years
1 year
Highway power supplies as convenient 6-8 years
Marinas 4 months 1 year
Fish farms 4 months 1 year
Emergency lighting daily/monthly 3 years
Fire alarms daily/weekly 1 year
Launderettes monthly 1 year
Petrol filling stations 1 year 1 year
Construction site installations 3 months 3 months